1866 - Gelett Burgess
San Francisco Bay area writer, author of the Goops books.
1912 - Barbara Tuchman
American historian and author, two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize.
1924 - Lloyd Alexander
American author of children's and young adult fantasy; winner of the 1969 Newbery Medal for The High King.
1931 - Allan W. Eckert
American naturalist and writer; winner of the 1972 Newbery Honor for Incident at Hawk's Hill.
1931 - Shirley Hazzard
Australian author, winner of the Man Booker Prize and the U.S. National Book Award for Fiction.
1935 - Richard Brautigan
American author of parody and black comedy, mostly known for the novel Trout Fishing in America.
1941 - Gregory Benford
American astrophysicist and science fiction author.
1945 - Michael Dorris
American author who worked primarily within Native American literature.
1955 - Judith Tarr
American fantasy author, who also writes under the names Caitlin Brennen and Kathleen Bryan.
1957 - Polly Horvath
American-Canadian author, winner of the 2003 National Book Award for Young People's Fiction and a Newbery Honor winner.
1881 - Arthur O'Shaughnessy
1994 - Pierre Boulle
2007 - Sidney Sheldon