1776 - E.T.A. Hoffmann
German Romantic author whose novella The Nutcracker and the Mouse King was adapted into the ballet The Nutcracker.
1862 - Edith Wharton
American novelist, winner of the 1921 Pulitzer Prize for Literature for The Age of Innocence.
1889 - Charles Hawes
American author of sea stories; the first American-born winner of the Newbery Medal, for his 1923 The Dark Frigate.
1931 - Leonard Baker
American author, winner of the 1979 Pulitzer Prize for Biography for Days of Sorrow and Pain: Leo Baeck and the Berlin Jews.
1944 - David Gerrold
American science fiction author and screenwriter best known for his "The Trouble With Tribbles" Star Trek episode.
1965 - Winston Churchill
1986 - L. Ron Hubbard
1991 - Jack Schaefer
1998 - Walter D. Edmonds