1887 - Aldo Leopold
American author, ecologist and environmentalist, best known for his book A Sand County Almanac.
1897 - Bernard DeVoto
American historian and author who specialized in the American West, and won a Pulitzer for Across the Wide Missouri.
1903 - Alan Paton
South African author and anti-apartheid activist.
1905 - Manfred Bennington Lee
One of two American cousins who wrote detective fiction under the pseudonym Ellery Queen.
1919 - Robert C. O'Brien
American author and journalist; winner of the 1972 Newbery Medal for Mrs. Frisby and the Rats of NIMH.
1931 - Mary Rodgers
American author of children's books, notably Freaky Friday. The daughter of the composer Richard Rodgers, she started out writing musicals.
1943 - Jill Churchill
American mystery author, primarily of the Jane Jeffry series.
1952 - Diana Gabaldon
American author whose Outlander series contains elements of romance, historical fiction, mystery, adventure and science fiction.
1961 - Jasper Fforde
British novelist known for his Thursday Next mystery series, who also writes in alternate history and comic fantasy.
1928 - Thomas Hardy
1969 - Richmal Crompton
1980 - Barbara Pym
1990 - Carolyn Haywood
1999 - Brian Moore
2007 - Robert Anton Wilson