Thursday, July 24, 2014

July 24

Born:



1802 - Alexandre Dumas
French adventure novelist whose famous works include The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo.




1857 - Henrik Pontoppidan
Danish realist writer; co-winner of the 1917 Nobel Prize in Literature for "his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark."








1878 - Edward Plunkett
Edward John Moreton Drax Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany was an Irish author who mostly wrote in the fantasy genre. Many of his novels took place in a land called Pegāna.







1886 - Jun'ichirō Tanizaki
A major figure in modern Japanese literatre, and known for works like Some Prefer Nettles and The Makioka Sisters.




1895 - Robert Graves
English poet, novelist and classical translator and scholar. Most well known for his historical novel I, Claudius, which has been adapted to film, radio and theater.







1900 - Zelda Fitzgerald
Wife of American novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald, she published one novel of her own, Save Me the Waltz.








1916 - John D. McDonald
American crime and suspense novelist, whose best known works include the Travis McGee series, and The Executioners, which was adapted into the film Cape Fear.







1935 - Aaron Elkins
American author of mysteries featuring forensic anthropologist Gideon Oliver.







1936 - Albert Marrin
American historian and prolific author of children's non-fiction books.







1939 - Barry N. Maltzberg
American science fiction author, who also published in other genres under pseudonyms.








1950 - Arliss Ryan
American novelist of historical fiction.







1955 - Brad Watson
American author whose 2002 book The Heaven of Mercury was a finalist for the National Book Award.




Died:
1991 - Isaac Bashevis Singer

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

July 23

Born:


1888 - Raymond Chandler
American author of detective fiction shares credit for developing the genre of the hard-boiled detective. His character Philip Marlowe was played on screen by actors like Humphrey BogartJames GarnerElliott Gould and Robert Mitchum.








1928 - Hubert, Jr. Selby
American author whose best-known works, Last Exit to Brooklyn and Requiem for a Dream, were both made into films.







1947 - Gardner Dozois
American science fiction author and editor.




Died:
1979 - Joseph Kessel
1989 - Donald Barthelme
2001 - Eudora Welty
2002 - Chaim Potok
2009 - E. Lynn Harris

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

July 22

Born:



1849 - Emma Lazarus
American poet best known for her poem "The New Colussus," which appears on the base of the Statue of Liberty.







1884 - Odell Shepard
American professor, poet and politician who won the 1938 Pulitzer Prize for Biography for Pedlar's Progress.




1898 - Stephen Vincent Benét
American author best known for John Brown's Body, a book-length poem about the Civil War which won a Pulitzer Prize in 1929.







1908 - Amy Vanderbilt
American authority on etiquette, active in the 1950's and 1960's.





1936 - Tom Robbins
American author whose poetic, irreverent novels have been a counterculture favorite.







1941 - David M. Kennedy
American historian whose Freedom From Fear won the 2000 Pulitzer Prize in History.



1948 - S.E. (Susan Eloise) Hinton
American author best known for her young adult novel The Outsiders, which was made into a movie in 1983.


Died:
1916 - James Whitcomb Riley
1932 - J. Meade Falkner
1967 - Carl Sandburg
1990 - Manuel Puig

Monday, July 21, 2014

July 21

Born:



1899 - Hart Crane
American poet who, since his suicide at age 32, has been hailed as one of the most influential of his generation.



1899 - Ernest Hemingway
American author and Journalist, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the Nobel Prize for Literature.Known for the sparse prose in his many novels, which include The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell To Arms.







1911 - Marshall McLuhan
Canadian founder of the study of media theory, known for his expressions "the global village" and "the media is the message." His books include The Gutenburg Galaxy and Understanding Media.






1921 - James Cooke Brown
American sociologist and science fiction author; he also invented the artificial language Loglan and designed the board game Careers.



1933 - John Gardner
American novelist known for his retelling of Beowulf from the monster's point of view, Grendel. Not to be confused with the British John Gardner, author of spy and mystery stories.







1956 - Michael Connelly
American author of detective novels and crime fiction, including his Harry Bosch and Mickey Haller series.









1966 - Sarah Waters
Welsh novelist whose Victorian novels usually feature lesbian protagonists.







1975 - Christopher Barzak
American author whose novel The Love We Share Without Knowing was a 2009 Nebula nominee.




Died:
1796 - Robert Burns
1938 - Owen Wister
2000 - Marc Reisner
2002 - Esphyr Slobodkina

Sunday, July 20, 2014

July 20

Born:



1864 - Eric Axel Karlfeldt
Swedish poet who won the Nobel Prize for Poetry posthumously in 1931.




1924 - Thomas Berger
An american novelist who wrote in many different genres and styles throughout his career. Now remembered for Little Big Man, which was made into the movie starring Dustin Hoffman.






1930 - William H. Goetzmann
American historian whose Exploration and Empire won the 1967 Pulitzer Prize for History.



1933 - Cormac McCarthy
American novelist who won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for his post-apocalyptic 2006 work The Road. Also known for his books All the Pretty Horses and No Country for Old Men.






1953 - Thomas Friedman
American journalist and author. He has won the Pulitzer three times for his journalism, but is popularly known for his books on globalization and climate change such as The World is Flat and Hot, Flat and Crowded. 





1965 - Jess Walter
American author whose 2006 novel The Zero was a finalist for the National Book Award.



Died:
1953 - Jan Struther
1968 - Bray Hammond
2003 - Nicolas Freeling

Saturday, July 19, 2014

July 19

Born:




1896 - A.J. Cronin
Scottish novelist and physician, who wrote many books that were later adapted to film. His novel The Citadel is credited with laying the groundwork for the introduction of the National Health System in Britain.






1922 - George McGovern
American historian, author and politician.



1923 - Joseph Hansen
American crime writer best known for his series featuring openly gay private eye Dave Brandstetter.





1946 - Stephen Coonts
American thriller and suspense novelist whose Jake Grafton books are most well known. The first of these, Flight of the Intruder, was made into a film.







1956 - Katherine Applegate
American author best known for her AnimorphsRemnants and Everworld series. Winner of the 2013 Newbery Medal for The One and Only Ivan.








1962 - Ava Kitō
Japanese girl who wrote about her experience suffering from spinocerebellar ataxia. Ichi rittoro no namida (One Litre of Tears) was published two years before her death in 1988.






1963 - Garth Nix
Australian author of young adult fantasy novels.





Died:
1967 - Odell Shepard
1980 - Margaret Craven
2005 - Edward Bunker
2009 - Frank McCourt
2010 - Jon Cleary
2012 - E.V. Thompson

Friday, July 18, 2014

July 18

Born



1811 - William Makepeace Thackeray
English novelist known for satirical works such as Vanity Fair.








1900 - Nathalie Sarraute
French author and dramatist who won the Prix International de littérature in 1961 for her novel Les Fruits d'or (The Golden Fruits.)




1902 - Jessamyn West
American Quaker novelist (and second cousin to Richard Nixon) whose debut book The Friendly Persuasion is still her most well-known.








1926 - Margaret Laurance
Influential Canadian author of the novel The Stone Angel, which was selected in 2002 for the Canada Reads program.







1937 - Hunter S. Thompson
American journalist and author, creator of Gonzo Journalism. His topics ranged from sports to politics to cultural commentary.







1943 - Joseph J. Ellis
American historian and professor who has won both a National Book Award and a Pulitzer Prize for his bestselling works.







1951 - Steven Hahn
American historian who won the 2004 Pulitzer Prize for History for A Nation Under Our Feet.







1969 - Elizabeth Gilbert 
American writer best known for her 2006 memoir Eat, Pray, Love.




Died:
1698 - Johann Heinrich Heidegger
1817 - Jane Austen
1899 - Horatio Alger Jr. 
1932 - Jean Jules Jusserand
1950 - Carl Clinton Van Doren
2001 - Georgess McHargue