1872 - Zane Grey
American author of western fiction, known for his idealized depiction of the American West.
1905 - John O'Hara
American writer who started in short stories, continued into novels, and dabbled in screenplays.
1915 - Thomas Merton
Anglo-American Catholic writer whose biography, The Seven Storey Mountain, became a bestseller.
1923 - Norman Mailer
American author and two-time winner pf the Pulitzer Prize.
1935 - Kenzaburō Ōe
Japanese author, winner of the 1994 Nobel Prize for Literature because he "with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today."
1941 - Gerald McDermott
American children's author, known for his colorful treatments of mythological subjects.
1950 - Denise Fleming
American author of children's picture books.
1979 - Daniel Tammet
British writer whose 2006 memoir, Born on a Blue Day, deals with his life as an autistic savant.
1933 - John Galsworthy
1956 - A.A. Milne
2001 - Gordon R. Dickson
2013 - Diane Wolkstein