1887 - Robinson Jeffers
American poet known for his work on the California coast.
1892 - Dumas Malone
American historian, winner of the 1975 Pulitzer Prize for History for his biography of Thomas Jefferson, Jefferson and His Time.
1915 - Cynthia Freeman
Pseudonym of American author Bea Feinberg, who wrote multi-generational sagas centering on Jewish families.
1928 - Philip Levine
American poet whose Pulitzer Prize-winning work centers on the Detroit area.
1936 - Stephen Ambrose
American historian and biographer.
1937 - Daniel Walker Howe
American historian whose What Hath God Wrought won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for History.
1947 - George Alec Effinger
American science fiction writer, most well known for the novel When Gravity Fails.
1961 - Steve Hamilton
American writer of detective fiction, notably the Alex McKnight series.
1951 - Sinclair Lewis
1957 - Gabriela Mistral
1961 - Dashiell Hammett
1986 - Jaroslav Seifert
2004 - Alexandra Ripley
2005 - Arthur Walworth
2015 - Robert Stone