1797 - Mary Shelley
English novelist best known for her work Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus.
1901 - John Gunther
American journalist and author, most well known now for Death Be Not Proud, an account of his son's death to brain cancer.
1909 - Virginia Lee Burton
American children's author and illustrator, winner of the 1943 Caldecott Medal for The Little House.
1925 - Laurent de Brunhoff
French author and illustrator who continued the popular series of children's books about Babar the elephant, which was created by his father, Jean de Brunhoff.
1938 - Donald Crews
American author and illustrator of children's books, and two-time winner of the Caldecott Medal.
1943 - Robert Crumb
More commonly known as R. Crumb, he was a founder of the underground comics movement.
1955 - Judith Tarr
American writer of fantasy novels. Also apparently breeds Lipizzan horses.
1985 - Taylor Caldwell
2006 - Naguib Mahfouz
2007 - Michael Jackson
2013 - Seamus Heaney
2015 - Oliver Sacks