1871 - Vernon Louis Parrington
American historian and football coach who won the 1928 Pulitzer Prize for History for Main Currents in American Thought.
1887 - Rupert Brooke
English poet, known for his idealistic sonnets on the subject of World War I, most notably The Soldier.
1904 - Clifford D. Simak
American science fiction writer who won three Hugo awards and one Nebula award in his career.
1909 - Walter Van Tilburg Clark
American novelist who wrote about northern Nevada in books like The Ox-Bow Incident and The City of Trembling Leaves.
1918 - James MacGregor Burns
American historian and political scientist; author of a biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt that won the National Book Award and a Pulitzer Prize.
1920 - P.D. (Phyllis Dorothy) James
English crime writer, primarily known for the Adam Dalgliesh series of mysteries.
1921 - Hayden Carruth
American poet; winner of the National Book Award for his collection Scrambled Eggs and Whiskey.
1924 - Leon Uris
American novelist whose books like Exodus and Topaz were known for their in-depth research.
1941 - Martha Stewart
American business magnate and author whose books include titles on cooking and entertaining.
1943 - Steven Millhauser
American novelist; winner of the 1997 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for Martin Dressler.
1857 - Eugène Sue
1924 - Joseph Conrad
1954 - Colette
1964 - Flannery O'Connor
1995 - Edward Whittemore
2007 - John Gardner
2008 - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
2011 - William Sleator