1872 - Leonora Speyer
American poet and violinist, whose book Fiddler's Farewell won the 1927 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry.
1893 - Margaret Leech
American historian and author, two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize in History.
1897 - Armstrong Sperry
American children's author, who won the Newbery Award in 1941 for Call It Courage.
1913 - Albert Camus
French author, journalist and philosopher, winner of the 1957 Nobel Prize for Literature "for his important literary production, with which clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times."
1914 - R.A. Lafferty
American science fiction and fantasy author.
1937 - Mary Daheim
American author whose mystery series tend to be located near her home in the Pacific Northwest.
1942 - Tom Peters
American business writer, best known for In Search of Excellence.
1943 - Stephen Greenblatt
American literary critic and scholar whose 2011 book The Swerve won both a Pulitzer and the National Book Award.
1954 - Guy Gavriel Kay
Canadian author of historical fantasy, who assisted Christopher Tolkien in editing his father's work for publication.
1981 - Will Durant
1990 - Lawrence Durrell