1871 - Steven Crane
American novelist, poet and journalist, best known for his Civil War novel The Red Badge of Courage.
1917 - R.W.B. Lewis
American literary scholar and critic whose biography of Edith Wharton win the 1976 Pulitzer Prize for Biography
1923 - Gordon R. Dickson
Canadian-American science fiction and fantasy author, known for his Childe series.
1944 - Kinky Friedman
Jewish Texan country singer, novelist and politician. If that's not an eclectic bio, I don't know what is.
1959 - Susanna Clarke
British author of fantasy and alternate history whose debut novel was Jonathan Strange & Mr. Norrell.
1964 - Karen Marie Moning
American author of romance (Highlander series) and urban fantasy (Fever series.) Last name rhymes with "awning."
1909 - Theodore Mommsen
1955 - Dale Carnegie
1972 - Ezra Pound
2006 - William Styron
2009 - Esther Hautzig