1667 - Jonathan Swift
Anglo-Irish writer, now known for works like Gulliver's Travels.
1817 - Theodore Mommsen
German classicist; winner of the 1902 Nobel Prize in Literature as "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work A History of Rome."
1835 - Mark Twain
Pen name of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, American author and humorist.
1874 - Winston Churchill
British politician and leader who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953 "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values."
1874 - L.M. Montgomery
Canadian author of the Anne of Green Gables series.
1906 - John Dickson Carr
American author of "Golden Age" mysteries.
1931 - Margot Zemach
American illustrator of children's books, winner of the 1974 Caldecott medal for Duffy and the Devil.
1940 - Kevin Phillips
American writer and political commentator.
1900 - Oscar Wilde
1972 - Compton Mackenzie
1997 - Kathy Acker
1998 - Margaret Walker
2000 - Eloise Jarvis McGraw