1737 - Edward Gibbon
English historian and Member of Parliament, known for his major work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
1759 - Mary Wollstonecraft
British writer and woman's rights advocate; mother of Mary Shelley.
1898 - Ludwig Bemelmans
Austria-Hungary born American writer, best known for the Madeline children's books.
1904 - Cecil Day-Lewis
Anglo-Irish poet; Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom from 1968 to 1972. Father of the actor Daniel Day-Lewis.
1913 - Irving Adler
American author of science books, primarily for children, some under the name Robert Irving.
1926 - Tim LaHaye
American evangelical Christian minister and author, best known for the Left Behind series of books which he co-authored with Jerry B. Jenkins.
1934 - Jean Valentine
American poet; New York Poet Laureate from 2008-2010 and 2004 National Book Award winner.
1942 - Ruth Glick
American author of cookbooks, romance and young adult novels, some under the pseudonym Rebecca York.
1882 - Ralph Waldo Emerson
1927 - Albert J. Beveridge
1932 - Hart Crane
1998 - Carlos Castaneda
2017 - Peter Spier