1707 - Henry Fielding
English writer best known for the novel Tom Jones.
1724 - Immanuel Kant
German philosopher whose major work was Critique of Pure Reason.
1817 - Germaine de Staël
French "woman of letters," revolutionary and opponent of Napoleon.
1873 - Ellen Glasgow
American novelist who chronicled the Southern states.
1887 - Kurt Wiese
German illustrator whose style was influenced by his travels in the Orient. Winner of the Newbery Award for Young Fu of the Upper Yangtze.
1899 - Vladimir Nabokov
Russian-American novelist and lepidopterist, best known for his 1955 novel Lolita.
1933 - Paula Fox
American children's author; 1974 Newbery Award winner for The Slave Dancer.
1943 - Janet Evanovich
American writer of romance and mysteries, author of the best-selling Stephanie Plum series.
1943 - Louise Glück
American poet; U.S. Poet Laureate from 2003-2004.
1946 - Paul Davies
English physicist and popular science author.
1951 - Andrew Hudgins
American poet; Pulitzer Prize finalist.
1616 - Miguel de Cervantes
1984 - Ansel Adams
1986 - Mircea Eliade
1996 - Erma Bombeck