1844 - Anatole France
French poet, journalist, novelist and 1921 Nobel Prize winner "in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound sense of sympathy, grace, and true Gallic temperament."
1891 - Dorothy P. Lathrop
American children's book author and illustrator, winner of the 1929 Newbery Medal for Hitty, Her First 100 Years.
1892 - Howard Mumford Jones
American writer and history professor, winner of the 1965 Pulitzer Prize for Non-fiction for O Strange New World.
1896 - Tristan Tzara
Romanian and French avant-garde poet.
1910 - Berton Roueché
American writer whose medical mysteries inspired many story lines of the television show House.
1922 - Kingsley Amis
English writer known for his comic novels. He wrote a single James Bond novel under the pseudonym Robert Markham.
1972 - Tracey K. Smith
African-American poet, winner of the 2011 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for Life on Mars.
1859 - Alexis de Tocqueville
1968 - Edna Ferber
1972 - Yasunari Kawabata
1994 - Ralph Ellison