1901 - René Dubos
French-born American biologist and author, winner of the 1969 Pulitzer Prize for Non-fiction for So Human an Animal.
1902 - Ansel Adams
American photographer and environmentalist known for his black-and-white photography of the American West.
1912 - Pierre Boulle
French novelist known for both The Bridge over the River Kwai and Planet of the Apes.
1926 - Richard Matheson
American author of fantasy, scifi and horror, many of whose works have been adapted for screen.
1927 - Sidney Poitier
American-born Bahamian actor, director, diplomat and author.
1935 - Ellen Gilchrist
American novelist, short story writer and poet; winner of a National Book Award.
1939 - William Bayer
American novelist, well known for his Frank Janek character, which has appeared in television adaptations.
1948 - David Kertzer
American historian, winner of the 2015 Pulitzer Prize for Biography for his book The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe.
1951 - Sean Wilentz
American historian and author.
1962 - Kenn Nesbitt
American poet who writes for a children's audience.
1895 - Frederick Douglass
1982 - René Dubos
2005 - Hunter S. Thompson