1809 - Charles Darwin
English naturalist whose On the Origin of Species advanced the theory of natural selection.
1828 - George Meredith
English novelist and poet of the Victorian era.
1893 - Fred Albert Shannon
American historian, winner of the 1929 Pulitzer Prize in History for The Organization and Administration of the Union Army, 1861-1865.
1923 - Alan Dugan
American poet, National Book Award and Pulitzer winner.
1929 - Donald Kingsbury
American-Canadian science fiction author and mathematics professor.
1938 - Judy Blume
American author primarily of children's and young adult fiction whose works tended to tackle tough issues.
1945 - David Small
American children's author and illustrator, 2001 Caldecott Medal winner.
1948 - Ray Kurzweil
American author and futurist, proponent of transhumanism and the singularity.
1963 - Jacqueline Woodson
African-American author whose work is targeted at children and young adults; winner of a National Book Award and a Newbery Honor in 2015 for Brown Girl Dreaming.
1804 - Immanuel Kant
1886 - Randolph Caldecott
1970 - Clare Turlay Newberry
1996 - Ernest Samuels
2000 - Charles Schulz
2013 - Barnaby Conrad