1887 - Charles Nordhoff
English-born American novelist, best known for his Bounty trilogy, written with James Norman Hall.
1902 - Langston Hughes
American poet and writer of the Harlem Renaissance.
1918 - Muriel Spark
Scottish novelist whose best known work is The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie.
1924 - Richard Hooker
American writer and surgeon whose military service in the Korean War became the book (and later film and television series) MASH.
1927 - Galway Kinnell
American poet, winner of the 1982 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry.
1941 - Jerry Spinelli
American author of books for children and young adults.
1963 - Dan Fagin
American journalist whose book Toms River: A Story of Science and Salvation won the 2014 Pulitzer for Nonfiction.
1967 - Meg Cabot
American author of romantic and paranormal fiction; most well known for her young adult series The Princess Diaries.
1851 - Mary Shelley
1940 - Philip Francis Rowlan
2012 - Wisława Szymborska