1885 - François Mauriac
French writer who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1952 "for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life."
1922 - G.C. Edmondson
American science fiction author who also wrote westerns under several pseudonyms.
1925 - Elmore Leonard
American novelist who started out writing westerns but is better known for his suspense and mystery, many of which have been made into movies.
1929 - Russell Freedman
American children's author and biographer who won the 1988 Newbery Medal for Lincoln: A Photobiography.
1932 - Saul Friedländer
Israeli historian and author of The Years of Extermination, which won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Non-Fiction.
1935 - Daniel Quinn
1936 - James M. McPherson
American Civil War historian who won the 1989 Pulitzer Prize for Non-Fiction for Battle Cry of Freedom.
1962 - Anne Enright
Irish author whose novel The Gathering won the 2007 Man Booker Prize.
1962 - Richard Paul Evans
American author best known for his novel The Christmas Box.
1963 - Jean Cocteau
1977 - MacKinlay Kantor
1996 - Eleanor Cameron
1999 - Leo Lionni
2001 - Beni Montresor