1848 - James Ford Rhodes
American industrialist and author whose History of the Civil War, 1861-1865 won the 1918 Pulitzer Prize for History.
1881 - Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
French philosopher and priest most well known for his main work The Phenomenon of Man, and his involvement with the Piltdown Man hoax.
1917 - Elizabeth Marie Pope
American author, specializing in the Elizabethan age and a Newbery Honor recipient for her young adult novel The Perilous Guard.
1923 - Joseph Heller
American satirical novelist whose Catch-22 is a classic of war fiction.
1986 - Edgar Parin d'Aulaire
1998 - Eldridge Cleaver