1830 - Paul Heyse
German writer, winner of the 1910 Nobel Prize in Literature "as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories."
1871 - Charles Howard McIlwain
American historian, winner of the 1924 Pulitzer Prize for The American Revolution: A Constitutional Representation.
1915 - Carl Emil Schorske
American cultural historian, winner of the 1981 Pulitzer Prize in Non-Fiction for Fin-de-siècle Vienna: Politics and Culture.
1918 - Richard Ellmann
American literary critic and biographer, winner of a National Book Award for his work on James Joyce.
1920 - Lawrence Sanders
American novelist and crime fiction writer, author of the Archie McNally series.
1953 - Heather Graham
Pen (and maiden) name of Heather Graham Pozzessere, American author of romance novels.
1959 - Ben Okri
Nigerian poet and author, winner of the Man Booker Prize in 1981 for The Famished Road.
1937 - H.P. Lovecraft
1942 - Rachel Field
1983 - Rebecca West
1998 - Benjamin Spock
2003 - Margaret Coit