1860 - William Cabell Bruce
American politician, author of the Pulitzer Prize in History-winning Benjamin Franklin, Self-Revealed.
1922 - Jack Kerouac
American novelist and poet, one of the pioneers of the Beat Generation.
1925 - Harry Harrison
American science fiction author whose 1966 novel Make Room! Make Room! was the basis for the film Soylent Green.
1934 - Virginia Hamilton
African-American children's book author, winner of the 1975 Newbery award for M.C. Higgins, The Great.
1948 - Sandra Brown
American bestselling author of romance and thrillers.
1952 - Naomi Shihab Nye
American poet and writer of Palestinian descent.
1953 - Carl Hiaasen
American journalist and author, much of whose crime fiction takes place in Florida.
1956 - Ruth Ozeki
Canadian-American novelist, filmmaker and Zen Buddhist priest.
1970 - Dave Eggers
American novelist best known for his memoir A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius.
1935 - Mihajlo Pupin
1947 - Winston Churchill
2001 - Robert Ludlum
2003 - Howard Fast
2015 - Terry Pratchett