1875 - Carter Woodson
African-American historian and author, often called the father of Black history.
1901 - Oliver La Farge
American author and anthropologist, whose novel Laughing Boy won the 1930 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
1910 - Jean Genet
French novelist and political activist.
1923 - Robert V. Bruce
American historian, winner of the 1988 Pulitzer Prize for History for The Launching of American Science, 1846-1876.
1928 - Eve Bunting
Irish author of books for children and young adults.
1944 - Richard Leakey
Son of Richard and Mary Leakey, and a paleoanthropologist in his own right.
1960 - Daniel Silva
American author of thriller and espionage novels.
1967 - Paul Harding
American musician and author whose debut novel Tinkers won the 2010 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
1975 - Brandon Sanderson
American science fiction and fantasy author who finished the writing of Robert Jordan's Wheel of Time series.
1848 - Emily Brontë
1986 - V.C. Andrews
1989 - Stella Gibbons