1899 - Hart Crane
American poet who, since his suicide at age 32, has been hailed as one of the most influential of his generation.
1899 - Ernest Hemingway
American author and Journalist, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the Nobel Prize for Literature.Known for the sparse prose in his many novels, which include The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell To Arms.
1911 - Marshall McLuhan
Canadian founder of the study of media theory, known for his expressions "the global village" and "the media is the message." His books include The Gutenburg Galaxy and Understanding Media.
1921 - James Cooke Brown
American sociologist and science fiction author; he also invented the artificial language Loglan and designed the board game Careers.
1933 - John Gardner
American novelist known for his retelling of Beowulf from the monster's point of view, Grendel. Not to be confused with the British John Gardner, author of spy and mystery stories.
1956 - Michael Connelly
American author of detective novels and crime fiction, including his Harry Bosch and Mickey Haller series.
1966 - Sarah Waters
Welsh novelist whose Victorian novels usually feature lesbian protagonists.
1975 - Christopher Barzak
American author whose novel The Love We Share Without Knowing was a 2009 Nebula nominee.
1796 - Robert Burns
1938 - Owen Wister
2000 - Marc Reisner
2002 - Esphyr Slobodkina
2015 - E.L. Doctorow