1828 - Leo Tolstoy
Yup, that Leo Tolstoy. Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, in fact. War and Peace, Anna Karenina. Etc.
1868 - Mary Hunter Austin
American nature writer whose work focused on the Southwest. Best known for her book of essays The Land of Little Rain.
1900 - James Hilton
English novelist who wrote several best-sellers, including Lost Horizon and Goodbye, Mr. Chips.
1903 - Phyllis A. Whitney
American mystery writer known for her Gothic and suspense themes.
1907 - Leon Edel
American biographer whose writings on the life and work of Henry James won him both a National Book Award and a Pulitzer Prize.
1911 - Paul Goodman
American novelist, playwright, poet, psychotherapist, social critic, anarchist philosopher and public intellectual. Among other things.
1922 - Bernard Bailyn
American historian and author, two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize for History.
1948 - Pamela Des Barres
Former rock 'n' roll groupie, author and magazine writer, known for her memoirs and writings on music.
1951 - Bob Shacochis
American author and journalist whose novel Swimming in the Volcano was a National Book Award finalist.
1960 - Kimberly Willis Holt
American children's author, whose When Zachary Beaver Came to Town won the 1999 National Book Award for Young People's Literature.
1964 - Aleksandar Hemon
Bosnian-American author best known for his 2008 book The Lazarus Project.
1898 - Stéphane Mallarmé
1943 - Charles McLean Andrews
1945 - Max Ehrmann
1978 - Hugh McDiarmid