1860 - John J. Pershing
American Army general in the first World War whose memoirs, My Experiences in the World War, won the 1932 Pulitzer Prize for History.
1876 - Sherwood Anderson
American author who influenced Hemingway, Faulkner, Steinbeck, and Wolfe. Most known for his short story cycle Winesburg, Ohio.
1894 - J.B. Priestly
English novelist whose 1929 work The Good Companions has been widely adapted to stage and screen.
1916 - Roald Dahl
British writer of fiction for children and adults. Popular titles too numerous to list. Also adapted two of Ian Fleming's works to screen: You Only Live Twice and Chitty Chitty Bang Bang.
1917 - Carol Kendall
American children's author whose book The Gammage Cup was a Newbery Honor book.
1920 - Else Minarik
Danish-American author of the Little Bear series of children's books.
1943 - Mildred D. Taylor
African-American author most famous for Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry, which won the 1977 Newbery Medal.
1952 - Iyanla Vanzant
African American author and frequent Oprah guest.
1592 - Michel de Montaigne